Summary


Back in the 15th century, spices like black pepper were as expensive as gold is today and India was the center of the spices trade. Portugal already had a route to India that required them to contour the coast of Africa. Portugal thought that there was a faster route to India if they headed west and so they sent Pedro Alvarez Cabral to find out. However they did not know that before hitting India, they would find land across the Atlantic Ocean, and so they stumbled upon America. It was simply an accident.
At first Portugal befriended the natives by giving gifts and the natives slowly [[#|start]] trusting the Portuguese men, showing them around and trading goods. Indians would give them gold and silver in exchange for simple artifacts, like fabric. Portugal then discovers pau-brasil a tree from which they could extract a red pigment to dye fabric and realize the abundance of natural resources. At that Portugal realizes the potential for profit in trading. In an effort to establish some type of government, Portugal decides to divide Brazil and send governors and Jesuits all under the direct control of the Portuguese crown, to govern and convert the natives to Catholicism, prohibiting them to perform their native rites and ceremonies.





Key vocabulary

1. Jesuits: catholic missionary

2. Pedro Alvarez Cabral: Portuguese navigator

3. Pau-Brasil: A reddish wood of certain tropical trees or shrubs in the pea family. Extremely abundant in Brazil at the time of discovery

4. Artifacts: objects

5. Natives: original inhabitants of the new land


Fun Facts about Brazil:
1. The largest country in the Americas

2. Has the biggest rain forest of the world, the Amazon forest

3. Has won the soccer world cup five times, more than any other nation

4. The colors of the Brazilian flag represent the fields and forests (green), the abundant gold Brazil used to have (yellow) and the beautiful sky (blue)

5. With the exception of Ecuador and Chile, Brazil has borders with all other countries in South America



Map of natural resources

natural-resources-map-of-brazil.jpg

When the Portuguese came across Brazil they found it by accident because the Portuguese were trying to find a faster way to India. When the Portuguese started to trade with the natives in Brazil it was to gain their trust. The Portuguese would trade items of very little value like peaces of clothing and the natives would give them gold. Later exploration of Brazil the Portuguese found lots of natural resource.


Song: Chains by Soulfly

Lyrics: “This manipulation
Means manifestation now
Fatal termination

Explanation: When Portugal first arrived in Brazil they were friendly and slowly started manipulating the natives which relates to the lyrics "This manipulation Means manifestation [[#|now]]”. Thousands were killed as a result of slavery or died because of diseases brought in by the Portuguese, which ties with the other verse of the song “Fatal termination



Photo 1

escambo.jpg
This picture shows a Portuguese sailor trading with the natives and trying to be nice.



Photo 2
indians in chains.jpg
This photo shows the natives in chains taken as slaves to the Portuguese to work in a gold mine.

Political Cartoon:
cartoon2.jpg
Translation:
“Here come the Europeans... Here come the Europeans!
“oh no… there goes our identity”
When Portugal arrived in Brazil, t was only a matter of time until the Indians lost their traditions, rites, history and culture.


Historical Event:
LT 6
Portugal already had experienced success in producing sugar out of sugar cane growing crops in their islands of Acores, Cabo Verde and Madeira, so it was natural for them to bring the plant to Brasil, which had expansive land and great potential to increase their profits significantly. Because soil in Brazil proved to be extremely fertile the crops grew strong and because they used slaves, the cost of production was low and so Portugal ensured big profits.
That lasted until the second half of the 17th century, when other countries started to produce and sell sugar at a lower price.
The Brazil Gold Rush started right after that. It started close to the coast and following the flow of the gold, it forced Portugal to move west and explore the inland. Along the way, diamonds and emeralds were also found.
To ensure they'd keep their share, Portugal imposed the 'Quinto" tax, which meant that 1/5th of everything found belonged to Portugal. Here again, slaves were used in the labor. Not only natives but slaves brought in from Africa as well.

LT 7
For the Portuguese their superiority over the natives was never a question. They were educated, clothed and had governments in place. Enslaving the natives was an act of power because it showed the natives the Portuguese superiority. As slaves they were forced to work in gold mines, cash crops, doing house work, etc. Any act of disobedience had severe consequences, from beatings, to torture and sometimes death. Sometimes the punishment was done in public as a way to discourage other slaves from doing the same.