Summary

Association between Europe and India first started when Alexander the Great came into India around 327- 326 BC and established a government like the Caste system that the Indians quickly adopted. The [[#|next]] European who has associated with the Indians was the Romans.They traded with India although they never needed to establish a trading deal with them. During the exploration periods of the Europeans, spice trade between India and Europe created a struggle between other European powers. Many countries such as The Netherlands, France, England, and Denmark established trading posts in India as early as the early 17th century and the French and the British were debating with each other to control the power in India, but by 1858 Great Britain had established control over India through direct and indirect forms of control. India was referred to as "The Jewel in the Crown" because of the tremendous amount of bounty India provided for the British. India's bearing land could grow many [[#|cash]] crops that European countries fought over because of the large economic boost it gave, and in addition natural resources like salt were abundant. Opium and cotton are examples of extremely profitable plants the British grew in India. Because Britain was making a profit with salt, they decided to make it illegal for Indians to harvest it and if they wanted to do so, they had to pay taxes. That's when the Salt March started.

Key Vocabulary

1.Caste system: The organization of determined [[#|classes]] within a society

2. Salt march: Was a non violet protest

3.Gandhi:Mahatma Gandhi was an influential political leader

4.Opium: A yellowish-brown addictive narcotic drug

5.Satyagraha: The policy of nonviolent resistance developed by Mahatma Gandhi


Fun facts!!!

1.There are 17 major languages and 844 dialects spoken in India

2.India was one of the richest countries on earth until the British invasion

3. Chess was invented in India

4. India is one of the largest exporter of computer software products

5. Before 1986, India was the only place in the world where Diamonds could be found


Map of natural resources

India-Natural-Resources.jpg


After the industrial revolution Britain was searching for land with natural resources. They found India. Britain set up trading post in India and eventually colonized the country. During the colonization process they forced the locals to gather the natural resources which the British sold all around the world, keeping the profits and giving nothing to the Indians. The natural resources that India had were Cotton, Opium, Iron, Copper, Coal, Limestone and much more. This cased a difficult relationship between Indians and not only Britain but Europeans, which led to protests.

Song:
Metallica King Nothing

Explanation of the song: King Nothing by Metallica connects with natural resource theme because of the lyrics "Dig for gold, dig for fame". The British dug for gold and fame in India, actually the British forced the Indians to dig the gold for them. If the Indians were to refuse, the British would beat or shoot them, and this created a conflict between British and Indians.


Connection to LT 6:
After the industrial revolution Britain was searching for land with natural resources to expand their kingdom and increase more power, and they saw an opportunity with India. The British decided to make their imperialist move to India over the course of ten years. India was referred as the “jewel in the crown” because they brought a lot of wealth to Britain. While Britain was getting wealthy India was getting poor. India [[#|lost money]] because Britain was forcing then to grow cash crops. The British kept all the money that the cash crops made. In addition these cash crops replaced the Indians food crops. The British also made it illegal to gather salt form the beach. This made the Indians mad because they used to gather salt from the beach for free. In the end it all boiled down to a lot of tension between British and Indians.

photo 1

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this photo is of an Indian man working on a cash crop. These cash crops were vital to an Economic boost in Britain. At the time of the Industrial revolution Britain needed a lot of natural resources like opium, cotton, spices, salt, etc. to fuel the industrialization for their economic and political interests. India had fertile land and the perfect climate to grow those extremely profitable crops. With these kind of ideal conditions India was ideal for any country looking to expand on wealth and power. Great Britain was looking to expand at the time and China had big market for buying Opium. When Great Britain came to power in India, they forced the farmers to grow cash crops instead of food and banned Indian citizens from gathering salt. Instead of gathering salt form the beach everyone had to buy it form the British, the cash crop products were sold and the profit made went to the British. Since India had a lot of natural resources, India turned out to be one of the most profitable and valuable colony for Great Britain.

Photo 2

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India was referred as "Jewel in the Crown" to the British


Political Cartoon:


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The title of this picture says "Who's to pay?" which in this context means "Who do I pay for the natural resources? The Indians or the British? ". For that question to be asked in the first place Britain had to first colonize India. The main reason Britain colonized India was because they needed natural resource to fuel the industrial revolution. The British forced Indian to work for them in cash crops. They grew like Opium, cotton, and harvested salt from the sea. But the Indians never saw any money from their hard work. So then the question is "Who's to pay?" the British for forcing the Indians to work or the Indian who did all the work?


Historical Figure - LT7:

Mahatma Gandhi was an Indian political and spiritual leader born on October 2 1869. One of the reasons Gandhi is know for is his non-violent form of protesting called Satygraha. Gandhi believed that people should stand up for laws that they felt were unfair but should be prepared for the consequences. Gandhi's form of protesting inspired generations of leaders. Gandhi connects to power because he wanted the British to leave and for India to have independence. Gandhi also wanted the Indians to treat each other with respect no matter what religion.